O domínio do dólar enfrenta várias ameaças não econômicas em meio a um sistema global mais fragmentado, diz Mohamed El-Erian

“A segurança nacional e a geopolítica estão suplantando a economia na formação de interações nacionais e internacionais”, escreveu Mohamed El-Erian....

  • O dólar continuará dominante no cenário mundial, escreveu Mohamed El-Erian no Financial Times.

  • Mas várias ameaças não econômicas podem desafiar o status do dólar, alertou.

  • “Segurança nacional e geopolítica estão suplantando a economia na formação de interações nacionais e internacionais.”

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O dólar não corre o risco de perder seu status dominante tão cedo, mas ameaças estão surgindo, escreveu o economista Mohamed El-Erian no The Financial Times .

No other currency, be it physical or virtual, can replace the dollar as the foundation of global finance, he said.

“However, the global influence of the dollar is facing several non-economic challenges, despite its continued status as the world’s ‘reserve currency,'” the chief economic adviser at Allianz warned. “This is a consequence of an increasingly fragmented international economic system. National security and geopolitics are supplanting economics in shaping national and international interactions.”

Past events that could have unhinged the dollar’s dominance — such as the global financial crisis and the trade wars of 2017 — failed to do so. Despite potentially disrupting the greenback’s prestige, its strength still superseded that of other currencies, El-Erian said.

Today, however, shifts in the global order are bringing about a unique set of threats to the dollar.

He placed some of the responsibility on the Federal Reserve’s “mishandling” of its monetary tightening campaign as well as greater focus on resilience in business and economic strategies.

“Rather than seeking to replace the dollar outright, there is now a step up in efforts to build pipes around it in the world’s trading and payment infrastructures,” he wrote.

For example, China has been on a campaign to chip away at the dollar’s use in trade, creating bilateral agreements with countries to use the yuan instead.

Meanwhile, sanctions against Russia for its war on Ukraine have led many countries to start looking for ways to reduce their dollar dependence and are observing how Moscow has substituted the dollar in its own trade.

To strengthen the dollar, the US and its allies could revitalize multilateralism by guaranteeing more representation for geopolitically important states, El-Erian said. This includes redesigning the International Monetary Fund and World Bank to become more inclusive.

Another option is to “de-risk” instead of “decouple,” though that would fail to offer stability and would do little to strengthen a weakening multilateral order, he noted.

“Do ponto de vista econômico, um multilateralismo mais inclusivo, apoiado por um sistema robusto baseado em regras, sem dúvida oferece maiores benefícios em comparação com as alternativas”, escreveu ele. “No entanto, é cada vez mais evidente que a economia não detém mais as rédeas na condução do processo de comércio e finanças internacionais.”

Source: https://markets.businessinsider.com/news/currencies/dollar-dominance-threats-dedollarization-fragmented-global-economy-china-yuan-russia-2023-5?op=1

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